Diabetes research demonstrates promising outcomes, may lead to new treatment

Scientists uncovered that insulin-producing beta cells can change their very own function in diabetes. They found that the RNA informing system which advises proteins how to act in cells is functioning differently in diabetes.

The changes lead to a portion of the beta cells no longer producing insulin which regulates blood sugar, and as opposed to creating somatostatin, which can hinder the secretion of other significant hormones including insulin itself.

The study may give new experiences into how high blood sugar can adjust the behaviour of significant hormone-creating cells, and make ready to new treatments.

Professor Lorna Harries, the lead specialist of the study, said: “These insights are really exciting. Only recently, Exeter researchers discovered that people with type 1 diabetes still retain some insulin-producing cells, but the environment produced by diabetes can be toxic for these cells that remain.

Our work could lead to new changes to protect these cells, which could help people maintain some ability to make their own insulin. The method we used of creating an all-human cell system for the first time is significant – I don’t think we’d have seen these changes in mouse cells.”

The team at that point examined after death pancreas tissue from individuals with either type 1 or sort 2 diabetes. This uncovered they have more delta cells than they ought to have, proposing that diabetes may make a some of the beta cells transform into delta cells in individuals just as in cells in the laboratory

“The really exciting finding is that in the laboratory at least, we have been able to reverse the changes – turn the delta cells back to beta cells – if we restore the environment to normal, or if we treat the cells with chemicals that restore the regulator genes and the patterns of RNA messages made to normal. That’s very promising when we consider the potential for new therapeutics,” concluded Professor Harries.