How Nail Polish and its Remover are Made

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There is always a rush on beauty cosmetics but the most in demand is any with nails like polish, nail peels etc. But ever wonder how they are made? Nail coverings were not unknown in ancient times, the upper classes of ancient Egypt used henna to dye their hairs and finger nails but as time passed it gained popularity and more development in chemical industries forming nail polishes. Today these modern nail polishes are sold in form of liquid in a bottle and applied by a soft brush, the liquid hardens and thus create a shiny coating on the nail which is both water and chip resistant, nail polish remover is a substance design to break the coating and is used when we want to remove the nail polish. So, let’s take a brief ride to see how nail polish are made in factories to facilitate demands of millions around the world. 

First things first are the raw materials. Although there is no specific formula for making nails polish but basic components include like film forming agents, resins and plasticizers, solvents, and coloring agents used for giving polish a unique color. Nitrocellulose acts as a film forming agent so that the nail polish can work properly. Moreover, resins and plasticizers are added by manufacturers to increase flexibility and resistance to water and soap, in older time nylon was used for this purpose but today castor oil (also used as one of the best toenail fungus treatments), amyl, fatty acids, etc. are being used. Color pigment used for different tone and shades are limited by FDA because some pigments are dangerous and cannot be accepted in the market. Now after looking at the ingredients lets jump into the manufacturing process of how they are made. Unlike the older times, today factories are utilizing highly skilled workers, advanced machinery, and even robotics cause today’s consumer demands expect a nail polish to apply smoothly, evenly, and easily. Starting with mixing of pigment with nitrocellulose and plasticizer using speed mill, when the mixture is properly milled it is broken down in small chips form for mixing with solvents in a special room to prevent hazards like fire and explosion. After mixing the solution is slowly cooled and materials such as perfume and moisturizers are added. At the end the solution is pumped into smaller drum and are transported to production line. 

 Nail polish are then tested out and the after passing all the quality checks they are handed over to different brands. Perhaps the major problem is consumer point of view for the length time for the nail polish to dry. It can cause nail fungus which can be treated with OTC toenail fungus treatment. Various methods are carried out to fulfil this demand of fast-drying polish. Nail polish is the one product to grow and advancement and developments will continue in the future as well.